V&F solutions for carbon capture, storage, and utilization


CO2 acts as a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and is the main cause of man-made global warming. The application area of carbon capture and storage is large point sources of CO2. CO2 capture technologies remove CO2 emissions from power generation and a wide variety of industries such as, for example, in iron and steel, fertilizers, cement, chemicals, and refineries. Among others, absorption treatment based on amine scrubbing is the predominant CO2 removal technology today and the dominant method used industrially to date.

In this process, the flue gas is fed into an absorption tower where it is absorbed by a liquid amine in a chemical reaction. This CO2-rich amine solution is then pumped into a regenerator where the chemical reaction between amine and CO2 is reversed. The lean CO2 liquid amine is pumped back to the absorber for reuse and the captured CO2 is then compressed, transported, and finally stored.

Various amine scrubbing processes are currently being tested to optimize CCS efficiency. The first priority is to reduce energy consumption so that only the smallest amounts of emissions are released into the environment. In addition, health risks should be minimized.


On-line monitoring of amine and process degradation product emissions with IMR-MS ensures that only the lowest concentrations of these compounds are emitted into the air.

Photo Industry Solution V&F Carbon Capture, Storage and Utilization


  •  Continuous on-line measurement
  •  LODs at ppb concentration
  •  High robustness
  •  Excellent stability at high water concentrations


  • Accurate measurement of amine and degradation product emissions in the gas phase
  • Suitable for the process industry
  • Simple operation
  • Low maintenance
  • Communication protocols for direct transmission of measurement data to the control room

IMR-MS measurement results - comparison with FTIR technology

In 2020, TCM used the amine-based CO2capture plant with the CESAR1 solvent, consisting of AMP (2-amino-2-methylpropanol) and Pz (piperazine). The diagrams show on-line emission results from FTIR and V&F AirSense instruments, as well as extractive isokinetic gas sampling results.<br/> It can be challenging for FTIR instruments to accurately measure amine emissions below 0.5 ppm as proved to be the case with AMP. However, the V&F AirSense instrument was able to characterize AMP even at the lowest ppb levels.<br/> TCM is working to expand the number of emission components that can be measured on-line with V&F AirSense.

The V&F AirSense instrument was in operation for 1200 hours during the final months of the scientific testing campaign undertaken by TCM in order to expand the number of emission components to be measured on-line with the V&F AirSense.

Reference clients (excerpt)

Reference TCM Mognstad

Suitable devices