Measureable Compounds (excerpt)

Inorganic Compounds

Substance name Molecular formula
Water H2O
Oxygen O2
Carbon dioxide CO2
Carbon monoxide CO
Hydrogen sulfide H2S
Sulfur dioxide SO2
Sulfur S
Ammonia NH3
Nitrogen monoxide NO
Nitrogen dioxide NO2
Dinitrogen monoxide N2O
Hydrogen chloride HCl

Aromatics

Substance name Molecular formula
Benzene C6H6
Toluene C7H8
Styrene C8H8
Xylene / Ethylbenzene C8H10
Phenol C6H6O
PAH’s

Alkanes

Substance name Molecular formula
Methane CH4
Ethane C2H6
Propane C3H8
Butane C4H10
Pentane C5H12
Hexane C6H14
Heptane C7H16
Octane C8H18
Nonane C9H20
Decane C10H22

Alkenes

Substance name Molecular formula
Ethene C2H4
Propene C3H6
Butene C4H8
Pentene C5H10
Hexene C6H12
Heptene C7H14
Octene C8H16
Nonene C9H18
Decene C10H20
1,3 Butadiene C4H6

Alkynes

Substance name Molecular formula
Acetylene C2H2
Propyne C3H4

Sulfur Compounds

Substance name Molecular formula
Hydrogen sulfide H2S
Carbonyl sulfide COS
Sulfur dioxide SO2
Carbon disulfide CS2
Methyl mercaptane CH3SH
Ethyl mercaptane C2H5SH

Nitrogen Compounds

Substance name Molecular formula
Ammonia NH3
Nitrogen monoxide NO
Nitrogen dioxide NO2
Dinitrogen monoxide N20

Alcohols

Substance name Molecular formula
Methanol CH3OH
Ethanol C2H5OH
Propanol C3H7OH
Butanol C4H9OH

Aldehydes

Substance name Molecular formula
Formaldehyde HCHO
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO
Propionaldehyde C2H5CHO
Hexanal C6H12O
Benzaldehyde C7H6O

Ketones

Substance name Molecular formula
Acetone C3H6O
Methylethylketone (Butanone) C4H8O

Carboxylic Acids

Substance name Molecular formula
Formic acid HCO2H
Acetic acid C2H4O2
Valeric acid C5H10O2

Amines

Substance name Molecular formula
Methylamine CH3NH2
Trimethylamine C3H9N
Aniline C6H5NH2

Mercaptanes and Organic sulfides

Substance name Molecular formula
Methyl mercaptane CH3SH
Dimethylsulfide C2H6S
Dimethyldisulfide C2H6S2

Siloxanes

Substance name Molecular formula
Hexamethyldisiloxane C6H18OSi2
Hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane D3
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane D4
Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane D5
Dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane D6

Halogenated Hydrocarbons

Substance name Molecular formula
Vinylchloride C2H3Cl
Chloroform CHCl3
Chlorobenzene C6H5Cl
Sevoflurane C4H3F7O

Further Compound Groups

  • Ethers
  • Esters
  • Phosphororganics
  • Terpenes
  • Lactones